Question Answer
What is a Producer? An organism that produces its own energy and food
What is the source of all food in an ecosystem? Producers
What are the three energy roles in an ecosystem? Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers.
What is a consumer? An organism that eats other organisms to obtain energy.
What are herbivores? Consumers that only eat plants.
What are carnivores? Consumers that only eat meat and/or other animals.
What are omnivores? They are consumers that eat both meat and plants.
What are decomposers? They are organisms that break down wastes and dead organisms and return the raw materials to the ecosystem.
what is a food chain? The series of events in which one organism eats another to obtain energy.
What is a food web? The pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem.
What is the difference between a food web and a food chain? A food chain shows only one possible path that energy can move through in an ecosystem. While a food web shows multiple paths energy can move throughout an ecosystem.
What are the different levels in a food web? Producers, first level consumers, second level consumers, and third level consumers.
Which consumer gets the least amount of energy? Third level consumers.
What is an energy pyramid? It shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web.
As you go up the pyramid, each level gets _________ energy. Less.
What are abiotic Factors? The nonliving parts of an organisms habitat.
what are the 5 Abiotic factors? Water, Sunlight, Temperature, Oxygen, and Soil.
What are the 3 levels of organization? Populations, Community, and Ecosystem.
What are biotic Factors? The living parts of an organisms habitat.
What is a population? All the members of a particular species in a certain area are referred to as a Population.
What are the parts of a lab Report? Hypothesis, Materials, Procedure, Data, and Conclusion.
How do you know what variable goes on the Y axis of a graph? DRY (Dependent or Responding variable on Y axis)
How do you know what variable goes on the X axis of a graph? MIX(Manipulated or Independent variable on X axis)
An Organisms scientific name consists of? Genus name and a Species name.
What Island did Jane Goodall study on? Gombe
What year did Jane Goodall start her study? 1960 (At the age of 26.)
What Animal did Jane Goodall Study? Chimpanzee.
What Were major things that we learned from Jane Goodall's study? That The chimps Used and Made tools and Were Similar to humans.
What is an Independent Variable? A Variable that you purposely change to alter the outcome.
What is a dependent Variable? The Variable that you cannot control (depends on the independent variable)
What does T.A.I.L.S. stand for on a graph? Title, Axis, Interval, Labels, Scale.
What is scientific Inquiry? The Diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world, and propose explanations on the information they gather.

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