Fictional Science

Question Answer
Northen Hemisphere Parts of the world north of the equator
Revolve To move in a cycle around a point
Equator Imaginary line halfway between the North and South Poles
Humidity The amount of water vapor in the air
Axis A straight line that an object seems to rotate around
Climate Movement-by-movement conditions in the atmosphere
Particle A tiny piece of matter like an atom
Polar Ice Caps Enormous masses of ice at the North and South Poles

Health Vocab for chapter 13

Question Answer
Infectious Disease any disease that is caused by an agent that has invaded the body
Pathogen any agent that causes disease
Bacteria tiny, single-celled organisms, some of which can cause disease
Viruses tiny disease-causing particles made up of genetic material and a protein coat
Fungi organisms that absorb and use the nutrients of living or dead organisms
Antibiotic Resistance a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
Inflammation a reaction to injury or infection that is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling
Lymphatic System a network of vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph throughout the body
White Blood Cells cells in the blood whose primary job is to defend the body against disease
Vaccines substances usually prepared from killed or weakened pathogens or from genetic material and that is introduced into a body to produce immunity
Symptoms the changes that you notice in your body or mind that are caused by a disease or disorder
Meningitis an iflammationof the membranes covering the brain and spinal chord
Salmonellosis a bacterial infection of the digestive system
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver
Amebic Dysentry an inflammation of the intestine cause by an ameba

sec 3.3 cont

Question Answer
invertebrate an animal that does not have a backbone
kingdom a large group of organisms that share certain characteristics
larva a stage in the development of many insects where the caterpillar hatches from an egg
mammal a vertebrate that gives live birth, feeds its young milk, has hair, and is warm-blooded
marsupial mammal in which the female gives birth to live, undeveloped young that continue to grow inside a pouch
metamorphosis the change in shape and appearance of an insect or other animal at each stage of its life cycle
migration the movement of animals from one place to another during different seasons
organism a living thing that carries on the five traits of life: responds, moves, has organized parts, reproduces, grows and develops
reproduce the process of organisms making more of their own kind
reptile an egg-laying vertebrate with thick, dry skin
skeleton the framework of bones supporting or protecting an organism
vertebrate an animal that has a backbone
warm-blooded a vertebrate whose body temperature does not change

Magnetism & Electricity Chap 2 Vocabulary

Question Answer
A metal rod about 20 cm (8 in.) long, is attached to the highest point of a building and protects the building when lightning strikes. Lightning Rod
A continuous flow of electric charges. Electric Current
An electric circuit in which the parts are connected in a single path. Series Circut
The electrical property of particles of matter; can be positive or negative. Electric Charge
A device that completes or breaks the path a current can follow in an electric circuit. Switch
The loss or release of an electric charge. Electric Discharge
A material through which electricity moves easily. Copper is an example of this. Conductor
Contains a filament that glows when electricity passes through it. The contacts at the base conduct electricity. Produces two forms or energy. Incandescent Bulb
Electric charges that have built up on the surface of an object. Static Electricity
When negative charges jump from a cloud to the ground this occurs. Lightning
A path along which an electric current can move. Electric Circuit
An electric circuit having more than one path along which electric current can travel. Parallel Circuit
Electric charges bump into particles of mercury gas. The gas gives off ultraviolet light. The light strikes the coating, which gives off white light. Florescent Bulb
Invented the light bulb. Thomas Edison
A switch that opens or closes a circuit by turning off or on. Circut Breaker
A material through which electricty does not move easily, rubber is one example. Insulator
A long, thin coil of wire that glows when electricity passes through it. Filament
A device in a circuit that contains a metal strip, which melts when the circuit is overheated, thus breaking the circuit. Fuse

Integumentary System

Question Answer
Apocrine glands the less numerous type of sweat gland, found in axillary and genital regions
Arrector pili tiny, smooth muscle attached to hair follicles
Carotene a yellow to orange pigment
Ceruminous glands a modified sudiferous glands producing a waxy secretion and situated in the external auditory canal
Dermal papillae fingerlike processes invading the epidermis from the dermis
Dermis the deep, vascular layer of the skin, composed of dense irregular connective tissue
Exocrine Glands release their secretions to the skin surface via ducts
Eccrine glands the most abundant type of sweat gland
Epidermis the outermost layer of the skin
First-degree burn burn where only the epidermis is demaged
Hypodermis the innermost and thickest layer of the skin made of adipose tissue
Keratin a tough, water insoluble, protein found in tissues such as hair, nails, and the epidermis
Keratinocytes the most common type of skin cells, they make keratin
Langerhans cells dendritic cells that play a key role in the immune reactions in the body
Meissner’s corpuscles are touch receptors located near the surface of the skin, sense light touch
Melanin a pigment that ranges in color from yellow to brown to black
Melanocytes specialized cells that produce a dark pigment called melanin
Merkel cells sensory receptors for light tough responses
Pacinian corpuscles sensory receptors found in deep layers of the skin that sense deep pressure and touch
Papillary Layer is the upper dermal region of the skin
Reticular layer the deepest skin layer, contains blood vessels, sweat and oil glands, and deep pressure receptors
Sebaceous glands Oil glands found all over the skin except on hands and soles
Sebum a mixture of oily substances and fragmental cells
Second-degree burn burn that involves injury to the epidermis and upper region of the dermis
Skin appendages arise from the epidermis and plays a unique role in maintaining body homeostasis
Stratum basale the deepest layer of the epidermis, cells constantly undergoing cell division
Stratum corneum the uppermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of shinglelike dead cell remnants completely filled with keratin
Stratum granulosum the third layer of the epidermis where cells stop dividing and begin making keratin
Stratum lucidum a think transparent layer of cells, present on thick skin only
Stratum spinosum an epidermal layer consisting of keratinocytes
Sudoriferous gland aka sweat glands
Third-degree burn burn which destroys the entire thickness of the skin

Vocab Genetics / Heredity / Reproduction

Question Answer
HEREDITY the transmitting of characteristics from parent to offspring
GENETICS study of how traits are passed form parent to offspring
TRAIT characteristic of an organism
INHERITED TRAIT one that comes from the genes you received from your parents
DNA DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID – material found in cell's nucleus that determinest the genetic traits of an organism
CHROMOSOME structure located in the nucleus of a cell made of DNA; human cells have 46 chromosomes
GENE segment of DNA, found on chromosomes that determine the inheritance of a particular trait; the basic physical & functional unit of heredity
GENETIC VARIATION differences in traits among organisms of the same species
GENOME all the genes that an organism has
GENOTYPE genetic makeup of an organism; uses letter to represent genes present
PHENOTYPE physical expression of a trait, or the physical appearance of an organism
ALLELES alternate forms of a gene; or variations of a gene relating to the same trait; every organism has two alleles for each trait (one from mother / one from father)
DOMINANT the allele in a pair of alleles that determines the visible trait (phenotype) represented in the genotype with a CAPITAL letter
RECESSIVE an allele that is masked if a dominant allele is present; represented with a lowercase letter
HETEROZYGOUS having two different alleles for a trait; shown in genotype with one CAPITAL and one lowercase letter
HOMOZYGOUS having two of the same alleles for a trait; show in genotype with both leters as CAPITAL or lowercase
HYBRID AKA HETEROZYGOUS = an organism carrying both dominant and recessive alleles for the same trait
PURE AKA HOMOZYGOUS = an organism that carries 2 dominant or 2 recessive alleles for a given trait
INFLUENCE genetics: factors that have an effect on traits that are expressed
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS factors such as diet, exercise, pollution, etc. that influence the physical expression of genetic traits
REPRODUCE make more individuals of the same species from a parent organism or organisms
OFFSPRING product of reproduction
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION reproductive process involving one parent & producing offspring identical to the parent
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION reproductive process involving two parents whos genetic material is combined to produce a new organism with similar traits
BINARY FISSION ASEXUAL – one cell divides to form two identical cells: occurs in prokaryotic cells
BUDDING ASEXUAL – offspring grows out of the parent organism in a small bud or growth
VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION ASEXUAL – one plant grows new plants that are identical genetically to the parent plant; can be in the form of a shoot or a cutting from an existing plant
REGENERATION ASEXUAL – the process of regrowing missing parts of a organism
FRAGMENTATION ASEXUAL – process of growing a complete organism from a fragment
CLONE an organism with identical DNA to parent organism
GAMETE SPECIALIZED sex cell with half the number of chromosomes as a typical body cell (egg in fe = 23; sperm in males = 23)
FERTILIZATION the union of sperm cell with egg cell
ZYGOTE fertilized egg
PROKARYOTIC cell's without a nucleus
EUKARYOTIC cells with a membrane bound nucleus
DIVERSE different

Notre Dame 7th Grade Science Exam

Question Answer
gene transfer – splicing (removing gene) from one organism and move it to a different organism genetic engineering
gene combination for a given trait genotype
organism that depends on others for food heterotroph
has two different genes for a given trait hybrid
provides optimal conditions for the growing culture – warm, dark, retains moisture incubator
tool used to transfer bacteria from place to place innoculating loop
chemical made by the immune system that stops a virus from replicating interferon
a virus that is in the target organism but not affecting it latent
cell division of gametes – double division of chromosomes that gets that gets passed on to the offspring, resulting in half the number needed in that organism meiosis
cell division of autosomes mitosis
messenger RNA – sends message from the cells to the ribosomes as to which type of protein is needed

Chapter 16 vocabulary quiz:Friday,January 20th.

Question Answer
The speed and direction of a moving object. Velocity
A push or pull. Force
The combination of all the forces acting on an object. Net force
Two or more forces exerted on an object. Balanced forces
Two or more forces acting on an object that doesn't cancel,and cause the object to accelerate. Unbalanced forces
Describes how an object moves when the net force acting on it is zero. The object remains at rest,or if the object is already moving,continues to move in a straight line with constant speed. Newton's first law of motion
The force that brings nearly everything to a stop. Friction
The change in velocity divided by the time over which the change occured. Acceleration
Connects force,acceleration,and mass. Newton's second law of motion
The gravitational force on any object near Earth's surface. Weight
The point in an object that moves as if all the object's mass were concentrated at that point. Center of mass
Forces always act in an equal but opposite pairs. Newton's third law of motion


Question Answer
©What Happens When A egg is maturing in the Ovary~~ The Lining of the Uterus Thickens with blood~~©
~~©What is happening a in the uterus when mature egg is realesed from an ovary ~~©The Lining of the Uterus contuinus to Thickens with blood
~As the egg travels through the Follopian tube What is happening in the uterus ~©The Lining of the Uterus contuinus to Thickens with blood
~©If the egg is fertilized then then what happens in the uterus ~©The lining of the uterus remains thick and the cycle stops during pregnacy.
~©What happens if the egg is not fertilized ~©The Lining of the uterus is not needed
~©Then What Happens ~©The lining of the uterus thins
~©Then what happens ~©Then blood is realeased into the uterus
~©Then what happens to the blood ~©Gravity Pulls the blood down through the vagina and out of the body Then the cycle starts over
Who was this made by Wade Marshall ©

Science Unit D Chapter 1

Question Answer
It is the star closest to the Earth. Sun
Something that can do work and cause change. Energy
Light and heat from the sun. Solar Energy
Spinning around and around. Rotation
A path an object takes around something. Orbit
A time of year with a certain kind of weather. Season
The largest object you can see in the night sky. Moon
Light of the moon. Moonlight
Hole, valley, or indentation on a planet or a moon, may be a large rock. Crater
A group of stars that make a picture. Constellation