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A Beginner’s Guide: Surveying At Home

Posted by on Feb 23, 2015 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Surveying can be a lot of fun to try, but you need to understand how to use the tools of the trade and how to measure distances correctly. Here’s a few tips that can help you get started.  Vertical Distances: Level It Out The first thing you should learn to do to survey accurately is to use a level. Levels are used to measure vertical distances, but there are some tricks of the trade.  To do this: Start by choosing a benchmark position. This is an assumed elevation that you already know.  Identify the area where you need to know the elevation. This is called a foresight. It’s helpful if it’s no more than 100 meters away; in most home situations, you won’t have to worry about that.  Using a level placed an equal distance between your two marks, you then can read the position. To do this, place a sight on your benchmark position and then read the measure of the level.  With this information, you can determine the distance between the two poles and the height at halfway across.  Sight again by measuring the height at the foresight. By gathering this information, you can use the height of the first point as a basis and subtract the second height from it; this gives you an accurate measure of the elevation.  Horizontal Distances: Tape It Down Measuring horizontal distances is easier. You simply follow a few simple steps.  Place your marker at the first location.  Place your marker at the second location, with markers in between if the distance is substantial.  Pull the tape so it becomes taut.  Read the distance, and you have your horizontal measurement.  Measuring at an Angle: Use a Theodolite  A theodolite is a tool that has a telescoping body. It has mirrors that allow light to hit readings on the machine, making them easier to understand. With an eyepiece, the instrument makes it simple to view the angle you want to read, and the information about it comes up on the screen.  To use a theodolite: Set up the theodolite on its tripod.  Read the first point’s information off the screen.  Rotate the theodolite clockwise to face the second point while keeping the tripod still. After rotating the telescope by 180 degrees, read the same point’s information again. Now, rotate the theodolite again, turning it back to the original point.  To get your reading, you need to subtract the original point’s information from the second point in each direction. The average of the two results is the angle you’re trying to find.  This small beginner’s guide should help you get started. Have fun learning to survey at home! Be sure to contact professionals, such as those from Great Lakes Engineering, for further...

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Metal Fabricating Basics: Tools And Techniques

Posted by on Dec 10, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Sheet metal fabrication is the art of shaping, forming, and fusing metal together. It has been around for centuries, as blacksmiths would forge metal to create weapons and tools in the past. Today, it is used to create or repair items made of metal.   There are three main techniques for metal fabrication: bending, cutting, and shrinking. Here is a brief overview of the techniques and tools needed to fabricate metal: Technique 1: Bending Metal Bending is one of the most simplest ways to fabricate metal. In can be done in several ways, including: Form Bending: This method uses heat, a pre-made form, and a heavy mallet or other tool. The person responsible for bending the metal will start by heating it up. They will then place it on the form and use the heavy mallet to beat the metal into the desired shape. Metal Brake: Another option for bending metal is to use a metal bending brake. This strong tool is clamped onto the metal and the manipulated to achieve the desired shape. Metal brakes work best for precise shapes. These methods can be achieved by working with one’s hands; however, they can also be achieved in large factories with robot help. Technique 2: Cutting Metal A large metal sheet is just a sheet until it is cut. Once cut, the piece of metal can be transformed into specific or abstract shapes depending on the use. There are several ways to cut metal, including: Hand Shears: Perhaps the easiest method for cutting metal is using simple, but strong, hand shears. Fabricators simply slip on a pair of heavy-duty gloves and begin cutting the metal. Power Shears: For larger applications or areas of cutting, power shears may be used. Throatless Shears: Another shear-type cutting technique, throatless shears are a more flexible option; this allows for unique curves, precise lines, and other detailed cuts. Angle Grinder: An angle grinder is a power tool that is commonly found in workshops. It has a spinning blade, which is used to cut metal quickly and precisely. These are the simplest and most common tools for cutting metal. However, larger companies or applications may also use a plasma cutter—a large, and very powerful, tool for manipulating and cutting metal. Technique 3: Shrinking Metal Sometimes metal needs to be shrunk, in order to be useful. Some techniques for shrinking metal include: Tucking: Perhaps the oldest method for shrinking metal is the tucking technique. The metal is forced together with hammers, heavy mallets, or other objects to make it smaller. Shrinker: A shrinker is a specialized tool that forces metal together with its jawlike motion. Heat: Another good option for shrinking metal is heat. This technique works by using a torch and a wet rag to compress the metal. If possible, avoid shrinking metal at home—it is very difficult and dangerous. It is possible to fabricate metal at home. However, unless you are skilled with the tools listed above, it is better to invest in a professional metal fabricating company like Simko Industrial...

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An Introduction To Air Compressors

Posted by on Nov 28, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

If you are planning a DIY project, then chances are you have heard of air compressors. Air compressors are incredibly useful devices which you may wish to consider using; so, here is a beginner’s guide. What is an air compressor? An air compressor is a power generator which uses air as a power source. Basically, air compressors use electricity to take in a large quantity of air and condense it into a very small storage area. This is then released when you turn the unit on, providing the high-pressure air as a source of power for your tools. Many tools are designed to make use pneumatic energy, which means that compatibility should not be an issue. What would I use an air compressor for? A huge advantage that air compressors have over traditional generators is that they do not require an electrical outlet and are not as bulky as electrical generators. They can run on either gasoline or electricity, which means that they are mobile enough to use wherever you need them. What details should I look for when browsing air compressors? Capacity: This will be determined by the power usage of the tools you intend on using and the scope of your project. Larger projects and more power-intensive tools will both require larger capacities. Performance and power: Each air compressor offers different ratings, such as horsepower and the output in standard cubic feet per minute (SCFM). Again, if you have a large-scale project, you’ll need a more powerful compressor.  Portability: This can be an important factor depending on where you need the compressor to go. If you need to put it in your driveway, you might want a larger, bulkier model. However, if you need to get the unit in a hard-to-reach location, such as a narrow hallway, then you might want to opt for a more portable option. Power source: Whether the compressor uses gasoline or electricity should be considered. You don’t want to stock up on gasoline only to find out that you bought an electric air compressor! Pump mechanism: There are quite a few different options available as far as the pump mechanism itself goes, including single stage, two stage, and continuous, among others. Understanding how each of these work is not integral to using an air compressor, but they each have pros and cons. If you now feel that might be interested in an air compressor, it is recommended that you hop over to this site to see which type is best for you. There are a variety of air compressors in the market, but hopefully you have a slightly better idea of what to look for when...

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Making Creative Uses Around The House For Leftover Fabricated Metal Sheeting

Posted by on Nov 21, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Have you got a few sheets of fabricated metal hanging around after a project? Before you go hauling the metal back for a refund or off to the scrapyard, you may want to stop and think about things that you have been wanting to tackle at home, but did not have the materials. Metal fabrication makes it possible for steel and various other materials to be formed, stamped, and even flattened for use in a variety of different projects. Metal sheeting in particular can be incredibly useful for those nifty projects you have been contemplating. Create an Outdoor Fire pit If there is one thing that can make your backyard or patio more inviting, it is a toasty fire beckoning for marshmallows and storytellers. Creating your own fire pit is easy to accomplish as long as you have a metal insert to build a protective barrier that will house the flames. That sheet of metal you have leftover can be just right. Take your metal to a local metal fabricator and have it cut to the desired size and bent into a circular, or even square, shape. You can use this metal ring to create an inset fire pit that is just below the surface of the ground by digging a hole the size of your metal insert and then slipping it around the perimeter. A fire pit that is above ground can be created by placing the metal ring in the designated area and surrounding it with stones or landscape bricks. Reinforce Outdoor Wooden Buildings That old shed out back may not look like much now with rotting wood and peeling paint, but it is also very useful for storage purposes. If you have metal sheeting hanging around after a construction project, you can use this material to reinforce the wood and keep it protected. This can be accomplished by attaching the metal sheets to the sides of your shed or out-building with long-set screws or other fasteners. If you need pieces cut to a certain size, a metal fabrication professional (such as Moorhead Machinery & Boiler Co.) can take care of this for you. This idea can also be used for reinforcing old wooden doors that may be prone to breakage or vandalism. Fabricated metal sheets can be extremely useful to have around long after your initial project is complete. It may be a good idea to keep the pieces tucked away in your garage for a future use, even if you are not quite sure yet what that use may...

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How To Go About Repairing A Broken Window

Posted by on Nov 15, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Accidents happen every day, and knowing what needs to be done in order to repair the damage caused by a backyard homerun or an errant tree branch can make a big difference. Not every window is created equal, so before you call a contractor to completely replace the entire frame and glass, make sure you know just what you’re replacing. Single Pane Windows Older homes and some manufactured housing still have single pane window glass installed. While it might not be the best insulator, it’s a great deal easier to repair when it breaks. In most cases, the glass in single pane windows can simply be cut to fit the frame and secured in place. Expect to pay between $3 and $14 per square foot, more for specialty glass. Having the glass installed can be another story entirely, as individual hourly rates vary from one contractor to the next. The size of the window will also affect the price, so budget at the high end. A handyman can cost upwards of $500, or as little as $50, while doing it yourself as little as $22, including the cost of the glass. Energy Efficient Windows Multi-pane, insulated windows are much more difficult to repair. A single broken piece of glass may not seem like a big deal, but in order to retain the insulating properties of the window, the void will need to be refilled with one of a number of different gasses. This is where the difficulty and cost usually get the better of most homeowners. Unless you can find a professional glass shop which also specializes in repairing insulating, energy efficient windows you may have no other choice but to replace the entire thing, frame and all. Even so, installing a new window can still be a project for a moderately experienced home handyman. If you end up hiring a professional window company, expect to pay between $300 and $700 per window at the low end. Decorative Glass Work Of the potential damage to a window in your home, few things are more heart-breaking than seeing the shattered remains of stained glass or decorative glass work. These specialty pieces are usually custom made, but can still be replicated. Make sure you have photos that show as much detail as possible of the original window to make sure the artisan you hire can mimic the original. It won’t be cheap, but it can be done. Replacing a window used to be a relatively inexpensive, straight-forward project. However, with so much innovation with regard to residential windows, the process isn’t nearly as simple. If you do end up with a broken window in your home, make sure you know what you need to do to make things right in your home. Contact a company like City Glass for more...

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What Is A Press Brake?

Posted by on Nov 11, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

A primary tool in the material forming process, press brakes (or “brake presses”, as they are also known) quickly and efficiently shape metals, plastics, and more into precise, predetermined shapes. With a fast punching action, these devices create vital components for a wide variety of commercial and industrial products. You have likely heard the term “press brake” before, but just what ARE they, and why are they so popular amongst today’s metal fabricators? The best way to understand the answers to these questions is by first taking a quick overview of what exactly constitutes a press brake, and then identifying some of their most common applications in metal forming. What Are the Features of a Press Brake? Though these machines can be large and look rather complex, the active mechanism behind a standard press brake involves just two simple pieces: • The “punch” – a specially shaped tool that is forcefully pushed against the base material (e.g. sheet or plate metal). • The “die” – a specifically molded indentation/trench/etc., against which the base material is pushed. That’s it, in its most basic form – a powered device that quickly clamps metal (or other materials) against a mold. With an array of custom-designed punches and dies, the number of different products and parts that can be formed with a press brake is essentially limitless. The majority of modern press brakes are hydraulic, meaning that pressurized fluid is responsible for moving the punch; others may be mechanical and powered by an electric motor. In either case, once formed, the newly molded raw materials can move onward down the production line to further shaping or assembly steps. Who Uses Press Brakes? Any mass-produced product that requires the bending, curling, seaming, channeling, or ribbing of a firm raw material may well have been formed with some type of press brake. Since these machines tend to operate with the same basic principle – differing only in the tooling elements – different punches and dies can be swapped out to produce various end results. Flexible and versatile enough to form steel, aluminum, brass, and even relatively firm plastics, press brakes are often used to directly shape gutters, roofing panels, pipes, and corrugated plastics. Of course, they can also mold small components in larger, more complex items. Given the right set of punches and dies, press brakes can fill just about any reshaping need you might imagine. For more information, contact a local fabrication company, like Waters Brothers Contractors,...

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3 Useful Steps To Fixing Problems With A Power Outage

Posted by on Sep 15, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

When it comes to your home, one of the more stressful things to deal with is when the power goes out. When this happens, you may not know what to do. Fortunately, thanks to these steps, you can deal with a power outage in a safe, efficient manner. Utilize Portable LED Work Light After the power goes out, there may be no light source at all, hindering your ability to see when walking around. You can effectively light your home during these emergencies, fortunately, when you use a portable LED work light. Featuring a lightweight design with a handle on the top, these work lights are extremely easy to carry while you move about your home. They even come equipped with an h-shaped base, giving you the ability to set them on the ground without having to worry about them falling over. Designed to last up to 50,000 hours, these work lights are completely weatherproof. In turn, they will not get damaged at all if you take them outside. Try Resetting the Circuit Breaker After you have set up a portable work light to see in the dark, you can try resetting the circuit breaker. Sometimes this will bring the power back on, as the circuit breaker may have only been tripped. First, you will need to locate the breaker box in your home. This box will usually be near your furnace or it will be in the garage.  Open up the box, and look for a switch that is in between the on and off position, which usually will be in the middle of the circuit breaker. Move this switch to the off position. After several minutes have passed, move the same switch to the on position to see if the power gets restored. If it doesn’t, you will need to contact a professional electrician, since there might be something seriously wrong with your circuit breaker. Power Home with Portable Generator If your power doesn’t come back on immediately after resetting the circuit breaker, you can use a portable generator to keep things in your home running. These generators can be used to power things like the refrigerator, the freezer and lights in your home. These generators have large rubber wheels and a handle on top, making them easy to move around your property. If you are looking for a portable generator that is easy to operate, you can get one that has an electric start. This allows you to simply press a button to turn the generator on. A lot of these generators feature a low oil shutoff, so when the oil gets too low, the generator will immediately turn off. This helps preserve parts on the generator, so that it will last for as long as possible. So if the power goes out in your home, you don’t have to worry as you can perform these steps. They will help you effectively deal with this situation, so you don’t have to panic. To learn more or if you have concerns, visit these guys to ask questions and see if there is more you can be doing to fix problems in your...

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